Often many university students, in particular on the threshold of the three-year degree, find themselves not knowing how to write a thesis, they do not know where to start, and above all they are left to their own speakers. A degree thesis, even if of few pages, requires a fairly long work, characterized by a first moment of research, a second one of writing, and a third of finishing. That is why we must not reduce ourselves to the last few weeks, risking to have as a result an impromptu final elaborate and without a logical connection. In this post I will show you how to write a thesis, starting from bibliographic research and ending with the final drafting and finishing; but first of all we evaluate well who choose as a speaker, and on which topic to make the thesis.

THESIS. How to choose the supervisor for the thesis. Let’s start with the dawn: I miss a few exams, I have to start thinking about which professor to ask for the thesis. Who do I choose and based on what I choose? Setting aside the fact that a professor is sympathetic or that he is a luminary in his own field, the perfect speaker must have these two characteristics:

  • availability: a good speaker must have time to follow our work, so we already discard those who have too many students or who have many commitments.
  • seriousness: there are not only students who do not study, but there are also workers who do not do their jobs well! We select the speaker observing him during his work: do you often skip lessons? is it superficial in what it does? Or is it precise and puts a great deal of effort into everything?

In addition, we also choose based on the subject, taking into consideration our abilities in a given area, how the exam went, whether we followed the course or not and liked it.


After the first important decision, at this point we are faced with two options: we propose the topic of the thesis, or we listen to what the speaker has to suggest to us. In fact, many tend to entrust their students to some studies and research that they are carrying out or that they intend to begin, and accepting the proposal of the rapporteur would mean taking a great responsibility, but at the same time it would also mean entering into his graces.


Here are the steps to follow to write a perfect thesis:

Thesis. Phase 1: bibliographic research. Now we have a speaker and a topic, but to start working on our thesis we need documents on which to base our studies. Generally, the bibliographer should be given a bibliography from which to start, but many professors do not, or many times studies on a certain topic are scarce and one must start from scratch. In any case, an accurate search must be carried out, to which we will also have to dedicate ourselves for weeks.

Let’s take a practical example. Suppose we have to write a thesis on an ancient Greek ritual, specifically on a tribute of the ancient Locresi, who had to send a certain number of phages every year to the city of Troy. We have only one starting document: Graf, “Die lokrischen Madchen”: historical-religious studies, 2 (1978). Then we read the document (we ask for a translation if it is in a foreign language that we don’t know), and let’s get a preliminary idea. In any article or essay we will consult, we will find a bibliography: it is from here that we will begin our research! The research can initially be done also on the internet, as the libraries have catalogs that can be consulted online. Once we have ascertained that what we need is in one or more libraries, let us go there, consult everything and make photocopies of what we need, so we can underline and make notes.

The more we read, the more we realize that we must continue the search to make our thesis more complete. Returning to our thesis-example, we started from the analysis of the ancient ritual by a scholar, Graf. In the course of reading this and the bibliographical sources cited by the scholar, we see that we need more: theories of other scholars to make a comparison, the ancient sources on the Locrese tribute, the causes of the tribute to be always found in ancient sources. We then begin to do a research also through some key words that we find during the first readings: in our case we look for “tribute of the Locresi to Troia”, “Aiace and Cassandra” and so on.

After weeks of research, we find ourselves at this point with a lot of consulted material. We discard what is not needed, we re-read everything carefully and if we consider it useful, we outline all the sources consulted. Let us also remember to always mark the author, title, place and year of release for each document, as all this will be useful for the final bibliography.

How to write a thesis. Phase 2: initial drafting of the thesis. We have reached the second phase of this guide on how to write a thesis: the writing of the thesis. The first rule to follow is: never start writing from the introduction! The introduction serves to give an overview of all the work done and everything that is present in the final work, so it must absolutely be done at the end.

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